Violin is one of the most demanding instruments to learn among the string instruments. But learning to read music and its notations can prove a precious skill. Sure, you can learn to play by ear, which can be very tough for beginners, but learning to read music will open up a whole new world.
Initially, it will be challenging as learning to read music is almost similar to learning a new language. With consistent training and practice, your brain will learn to read and play the notes effortlessly on your instrument.
There are various types of musical notations; guitarists use tabs which are notations outlining the chord progressions and finger positions; drummers use rhythm charts to understand what they have to play. In violin, reading off a sheet is what you’ll be doing.
Things You Will See in Violin Sheet Music.
- The Staff
The staff is a set of five horizontal lines and four spaces in a piece of sheet music; it acts as a foundation upon which you draw notes. Each line represents a note on the violin.
There are seven notes on which all music is made: A, B, C, D, E, F and G; after you reach G, you start over again from A, going higher in pitch and octave.
As you go higher or lower on the violin’s neck, some multiple pitches and octaves correspond with a similar note. For example, there are many ways to play the letter A on the violin; the only difference is if you play the message in a higher or lower pitch.
- Bar Lines
Barlines act as divisions between the staff lines, and they help keep the right tempo and know precisely when to play the notes.
- The Treble Clef
The treble clef is also known as the G-clef. Its notation looks like a stylised G. However, learning musical clefs is unnecessary while learning violin, as all the music on the violin is written in the treble clef.
- Key Signature
The key signature tells the player which key the song is supposed to be played in. It is denoted by a set of sharp or flat symbols placed at the starting of the clef. For example, if the key signature reads ‘Bb’, all the B notes in the song should be played as a B flat.
- Time Signature
The time signature also helps define the tempo of the song. It’s described by two numbers on top of one another. The number on the top tells how many beats in that measure, and the bottom number signifies what type of note the moment gets,
For example, if the time signature is 4/4, there are four beats in that measure; 1/4 means one beat per measure.
The pitch of a note describes its frequency, or more commonly, its quality, whether it’s higher or lower. The notes on the staff from the bottom to top are as follows: E, G, B, D and F. This can be learned very quickly by remembering one sentence “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge”. The spaces between the staff spell F, A, C and E.
- Ledger Lines
Ledger lines are used to extend the range of the staff as there are more than nine notes; they can appear both above and below the staff.
That’s pretty much it! Once you learn, practice and get fluent with these basics, you’ll be able to read any sheet music from Bach to Beethoven and everything in between.
There are a few other steps but learning these as a beginner is the appropriate first step in attaining mastery of reading music.
Some Other Markings On the Music Sheet
The Violin, a very expressive instrument with many feels, uses vibrato. You may see ‘Vibr’ written underneath some notes on the sheet. This is a technique where you hold down a note and move your finger on top of it, creating a pulsing, resonating sound that endears.
As the violin is played with a bow, specific symbols denote if singular or a series of notes should be played with the bow stroking upward or downward. Up-bows are characterised by the symbol ‘>’, and a down-bow is represented by a partially open rectangle at the bottom.